Ivy League is an adjective that refers to the group of the eight most prestigious universities in the USA. All are considered superior both scholastically and socially, and all are highly selective. Students who attend these institutions of higher learning are called Ivy Leaguers. I have included the year each school was founded, and the number of Nobel laureates each has produced through direct affiliation.
Harvard University, founded 1636; 49 Nobel Laureates affiliated
Yale University, founded 1701; 58 Nobel Laureates affiliated
University of Pennsylvania, f. 1740; 26 Nobel Laureates affiliated
Princeton University, founded 1746; 38 Nobel Laureates affiliated
Columbia University, founded 1754; 83 Nobel Laureates affiliated
Brown University, founded 1764; 2 Nobel Laureates affiliated
Dartmouth College, founded 1769; 3 Nobel Laureates affiliated
Cornell University, founded 1865; 47 Nobel Laureates affiliated
The word cliffhanger comes from cliffs. Duh. Cliffs are vertical, or nearly vertical, rocks that have been formed by erosion and weathering. There are lots of famous cliffs, but the first ones that come to my mind are the White Cliffs of Dover, probably because there was a popular World War II song about them that was part of my childhood, and also because they are on the historical English coastline.
When one thinks of cliffhangers, England and its gothic novels always come to mind. Cliffhangers are the kind of story, book or movie that uses suspense either at the end of an episode or a scene. A good example was the way the final episode of Game of Thrones, season 5, was done. Jon Snow was dead. Or was he? Those of us who sweated it out until season 6 was aired were never really sure. The writers used old-fashioned melodrama, suspense and uncertainty, and the audience was left as if hanging from a cliff in a state of tension and apprehension. And that’s a true cliffhanger.
This part of the blog will not be able to offer any nail-biting cliffhangers, but it will have classes in series, and I hope they will be interesting enough that you will want to come back and read what happens next, even if you don’t lose sleep anticipating the next chapter. Enjoy.