We also produce serial killers here in Brazil. Pedro Rodrigues Filho, a serial killer from Santa Rita do Sapucaí, was born in 1953 with an injured skull as a result of beatings his father had given his mother during her pregnancy with Pedrinho. He was convicted of murdering at least 71 people, one of them his father. When he was finally tried, he was sentenced to 128 years in prison, but his sentence was increased to 400 years because of crimes he committed inside of prison. He had “I kill for pleasure” tattooed on his left arm while imprisoned. However, as Brazilian law has so many unexplainable loopholes, he was released in 2018. He has had his tattoo covered over by another tattoo, and has a YouTube channel nowadays. During his prison stays, he finished 47 fellow inmantes, one of them for snoring too much.
There have been studies using brain scans which revealed that psychopathy in criminals is associated with decreased connectivity between the amygdala, a subcortical structure of the brain that processes negative stimuli, and the ventromedial prefrontal cortex, a cortical region in the front of the brain that interprets the response from the amygdala. When the connectivity between these two regions is low, processing of negative stimuli in the amygdala does not translate into any strongly-felt negative emotions. This fits well into the picture we have of psychopaths. They do not feel nervous or embarrassed when they are caught doing something bad. They do not feel sad when other people suffer. They feel physical pain, but they do not suffer from emotional pain. Psychopaths are often charming. This covers their lack of guilt, conscience or remorse.
Ted Bundy, one of the more famous American serial killers, was born out of wedlock in 1946 and initially raised by his grandparents who told him he was their son. He was a good-looking, college-educated, and was able to get into law school. He had good jobs and regular girlfriends. However, he was rapist as well as a serial killer and a necrophile who eventually confessed to 30 homicides, although it is estimated that he killed over 100 women. Bundy killed in at least 7 states, mostly during the 1970s, and sometimes decapitated his victims and kept their heads. He especially liked to kill college girls, and terrorized campuses and college towns in 1974, killing one college girl a month. During the period when he was killing frequently, he worked as the assistant director of the Seattle Crime Prevention Advisory Commission, where he wrote a pamphlet for women on rape prevention. There was also a time when he worked for the Washington State Department of Emergency Services, a government agency involved in the search for missing women. He was in law school at the time he worked for those agencies, and that was also the year he kidnapped and killed the 17-year-old daughter of a Salt Lake City police chief. Psychiatrists are still fascinated at Bundy’s ability to carry a double life.
Ted Bundy expressed surprise up until the day he was executed that anyone noticed the girls he kidnapped were missing, and also that anyone had ever noticed him. As a matter of fact, he once said, “I didn’t know what made people want to be friends. I didn’t know what made people attractive to one another. I didn’t know what underlay social interactions.” And at another time, “I don’t feel guilty for anything. I feel sorry for people who feel guilt.” Bundy was in a Florida electric chair in 1989.
FYI is an acronym, and an acronym is a word formed by combining the first letters of each word of a name, such as NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization) that is frequently seen in the news. Another one you probably know is AIDS, which is an acronym for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. Sometimes acronyms are pronounced as a word as in NATO and AIDS, and sometimes the letters are pronounced individually, such as FYI (for your information). And most of the time they are not even pronounced, as they are used mostly in social media, business communication and Internet. But we do hear CNN (Cable News Network) reporters saying ASAP frequently, which means As Soon As Possible and is hard to pronounce.
Sometimes acronyms become words, such as the word scuba. Everybody knows that word, but few know it started out as an acronym for Self-Contained Underwater Breathing Apparatus.
Another acronym that became a word is laser, which began as the acronym Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation. Most of us are very pleased that these two words became acronyms.
For now, try to incorporate FYI and ASAP into your daily communications, and don’t spend too much time remembering what AIDS and LASER and SCUBA really mean. But you should be able to recognize NATO as it has become a big issue in North America and Europe.
Here are six business acronyms that you should know if you are a businessperson, and maybe aspire to if you are in middle management. Which one would be the lowest stress and the highest salary?