When we are not speaking of fresh water, fresh vegetables, fresh flowers or any-thing else along that line, we use the word fresh in English to mean overly famil-iar or impertinent. Americans especially use that word when a person speaks or behaves disrespectfully such as a sexual innuendo, or when a child talks back to an adult. As the word fresco is used in informal Portuguese to describe someone who is overly attentive to details, unreasonably formal, excessively demanding or simply hard to please, it is easy to use the wrong word when you want to insult someone.
Fear not! If you need to insult someone like a native speaker, there is a rainbow of usable contemptible offenses you can add to your vocabulary. You only need to know the appropriate time to insert them into your speech. Freshen your vo-cabulary with the the following words:
Anal-Retentive: adjective; a psychology term indicating personality traits such as meticulousness, greed and obstinacy. Term originates from habits, attitudes or values associated with infantile pleasure in retention of feces, but is used met-aphorically today
Example: She is so anal-retentive that she folds her trash before throwing it away.
Cliquish: adjective; belonging to a small, exclusive group of people
Example: The sophomores were so cliquish that they didn’t even bother to learn the names of the new students.
Disdainful: adjective; proud and arrogant; showing contempt
Example: People with old money are often disdainful towards people with new money.
Finicky: adjective; excessively choosy in taste or standards; fussy about one’s needs
Example: She was so finicky about choosing her friends that she wound up with none.
Fuddy-duddy: noun; someone with ridiculously conservative old-fashioned ide-as
Example: Stop acting like an old fuddy-duddy and join the 21st century!
Fussbudget: noun; a person who gives excessive attention to small details, especially in a complaining way; persnickety.
Fussy: adjective; hard to please, showing excessive anxiety about detail
Example: She is so fussy about housekeeping that no cleaning woman will work for her.
Hairsplitter: noun; a person who makes unnecessary small distinctions in discussions
Example: He is such a hairsplitter that it is hard to get to the really important issues in meetings.
Oversensitive: adjective; too easily offended or upset
Example: Don’t be oversensitive – I gave you constructive criticism!
Prig: noun; a person who is very narrow-minded and likes to appear culturally and morally superior to others
Example: Here in Brazil, Paulistas can be self righteous prigs when they refer to Mineiros, and Mineiros can be the same way when they are talking about Cariocas.
Prim: adjective; precise or proper to the point of affectation
Example: Her prim and proper ways made everybody around her uncomfortable.
Prissy: adjective; stiffly proper about little details of dress & behavior
Example: The prissy little girl never joins in party games.
Prude: noun; a person who has an excessively rigid attitude in manners of personal modesty and conduct
Example: She is such a prude that she hasn’t seen a movie in 6 years because of the violence and foul language that modern movies contain
Snob: adjective; a socially exclusive person
Example: Snobbish people tend to form their own cliques.
Squeamish: adjective; too easily disgusted or nauseated
Some people like to fish but are too squeamish to bait their own hooks.
1. What do you call a person who dresses with excessive and affected care?
2. What do you call a cat that will only eat expensive imported cat food?
3. What do you call a person who doesn’t like to make friends outside his or her group?
4. What do you call a person who has antiquated ideas?
5. What do you call a person whose feelings are easily hurt?
6. What do you call a person who looks away when they are having a blood exam?
7. What do you call a picky person who cannot overlook small problems and enjoys criticizing minor details they perceive as wrong?
8. What do you call a person who complains about little things constantly?
9. What do you call a person who feels he or she has superior breeding and morals?
10. What do you call a person who snubs others?
11. What do you call a person who openly disapproves of modern standards for dating and partying?
12. What do you call a person who looks down on others in an offensive way?
13. What do you call a person who tiresomely corrects or emphasizes small details in a discussion?
14. What do you call a person who is always uptight, tense and sometimes a little obsessive-compulsive?
15. What do you call a person who uses affected speech mannerisms?
FYI is an acronym, and an acronym is a word formed by combining the first letters of each word of a name, such as NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization) that is frequently seen in the news. Another one you probably know is AIDS, which is an acronym for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. Sometimes acronyms are pronounced as a word as in NATO and AIDS, and sometimes the letters are pronounced individually, such as FYI (for your information). And most of the time they are not even pronounced, as they are used mostly in social media, business communication and Internet. But we do hear CNN (Cable News Network) reporters saying ASAP frequently, which means As Soon As Possible and is hard to pronounce.
Sometimes acronyms become words, such as the word scuba. Everybody knows that word, but few know it started out as an acronym for Self-Contained Underwater Breathing Apparatus.
Another acronym that became a word is laser, which began as the acronym Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation. Most of us are very pleased that these two words became acronyms.
For now, try to incorporate FYI and ASAP into your daily communications, and don’t spend too much time remembering what AIDS and LASER and SCUBA really mean. But you should be able to recognize NATO as it has become a big issue in North America and Europe.
Here are six business acronyms that you should know if you are a businessperson, and maybe aspire to if you are in middle management. Which one would be the lowest stress and the highest salary?
You can plate appetizers on or in many things. Fill in the blanks with on or in: Deviled eggs a platter Figs with bacon a plate Spinach & Yogurt dip a bowl Bacon, lettuce & tomatoes toothpicks Chicken croquettes napkins Oysters with turkey bacon a tiered cake plate Cold cuts a breadboard Raw veggies & dips a Lazy Susan Cheese…
Blackberries – Blueberries – Raspberries – Strawberries Nutritious food is nourishing and efficient as food in the sense that it gives you the sufficient amount of nutrients such as vitamins, carbohydrates and proteins that you need to survive. Healthy food is food that promotes good health, in other words, prevents illness and keeps you younger longer. I. All of the berries above are healthy and nutritious. However, according to nutritional content, total carbohydrates,…