CHEAP = (adjective) stingy, miserly; adverb=cheaply, noun=cheapness
Her husband is so cheap that he tells the valet parking men that he doesn’t have change in his pocket them a tip when they park and retrieve his car.
CHEAPSKATE = (noun, slang) a stingy person, a miser
My colleague is such a cheapskate that he has a cell phone control plan that only incoming calls, and cannot make outgoing calls.
CHEESE-PARING = (adjective) miserly, stingily
People say that because of her fiancé’s cheese-paring attitude, he wants to go his honeymoon by bus.
FRUGAL = (adjective) economical; adverb=frugally, noun=frugality
Judging from his frugal lifestyle, one would never that he is a CEO in a multi-national company.
MEAN = (adjective) miserly, stingy; adverb=meanly, noun=meanness
My neighbor is so mean that she only only Internet at her workplace.
NIGGARDLY = (adjective) stingy, miserly; noun=niggard
He sent his long-suffering girlfriend a single rose in a niggardly attempt her a happy birthday.
PARSIMONIOUS = excessively sparing or frugal; adverb=parsimoniously, noun=parsimoniousness
Being a parsimonious spender, he only his girlfriend to the movie on a Monday, Tuesday or Wednesday nights, when the tickets are cheaper.
PENNY-PINCHING = (adjective) giving or spending grudgingly
He doesn’t realize that it is not easy for a girl in love with a person with such penny-pinching ways.
PENURIOUS = (adjective) ungenerously or pettily unwilling to spend money; adverb=penuriously noun=penuriousness or penury
My nephew used to complain of student penury, but he has not his ways much since graduating and getting a full-time job.
SCROOGE = (noun) a miserly person, a skinflint; word came from Ebenezer Scrooge, the miserly protagonist of A Christmas Carol, by Charles Dickens, not from Tio Patinhas, who is Uncle Scrooge in English!
Ever the scrooge, my uncle only long-distance phones calls after midnight.
SKINFLINT = (noun) a person who is very reluctant to spend money, a miser
That guy is known as a skinflint because he usually forgets his wallet at home when he goes in a group.
STINGY = (adjective) giving or spending reluctantly; adverb=stingily, noun=stinginess
I know someone who is so stingy that he has never filled the tank of his car.
TIGHTFISTED = (adjective) all of the above adjectives; noun=tightfistedness fist=
British Airways has a reputation for being tightfisted because they focus on cost cuts customer service.
I was born near the end of WWII and raised in a small town in New Jersey, just a little more than a 30-minute drive from NYC. It was a wonderful place to be brought up, feeding ducks and canoeing on the river that meandered through the town in the summer, and ice-skating on that same river in the winter.
My two brothers and I were privileged to be raised in a lovely town that was safe to explore on foot, but close enough to NYC to be taken there on day trips to see the Ringling Brothers and Barnum & Baily B & B circus, museums, Chinatown, street fairs in the spring and Broadway shows as we grew older. But we thought nothing of it.
Later as teens, we would go into NYC to buy a couple of beers (the drinking age in New York State was 18, and 21 in New Jersey) and hang out in Greenwich Village where we saw singers such as Bob Dylan who were on the first rung of the ladder on their way to fame.
The sixties were a time of speaking out and creating change. I decided to do my part by joining the Peace Corps, an innovative cold war program established by John F. Kennedy in 1961. I arrived in Brazil at the end of 1966, and after an adaptation period, was sent to serve in Porto Nacional, in what was Goias at that time. I can’t say I changed the course of the country, especially as I was immediately called upon to teach English in the local high school.
I have been teaching ever since; high schools, college literature, college language pedagogy, financial English and everything in-between. I married a wonderful Brazilian from Rio and we had 3 boys and moved around some, as he was an engineer who worked on hydro dams. Nowadays I am a widow and live in BH with 3 cats, one of which has extraordinary powers, and I have 4 wonderful and uniquely different grandchildren nearby. Thus far, I have had an interesting life, and this new endeavor called a blog should make it even more interesting.